World's Columbian Exhibition, 1893, Chicago
- view of Court of Honour with lagoon, sculptures and
- Common cornice height (60 ft.) and width of bays (25 ft.)
agreed for monumental buildings
- Chief of Construction Daniel Burnham
- Designer-in-chief Charles B. Atwood (1850-1896) (first Roman
Bath railway station)
- Principal architects included: R.M.
Hunt, C.F. McKim, G.B.
Post, Robert S. Peabody (Boston), Henry Van Brunt (Kansas
City), and from Chicago, S.S. Beaman, Dankmar Adler, Louis
Sullivan, Henry Ives Cobb, F.M. Whitehouse, W. Le B. Jenney
- Sophia G. Hayden (Boston) won competition to design the Women's
- Consulting Landscape architect F.L.
Olmsted, Sculpture advisor Augustus St. Gaudens, Director
of Decoration Frank Millett, Chief Engineer A. Gottlieb
- Major impact on architectural debate and education in the
- started the "City Beautiful" movement of Beaux-Arts
- influenced professor Despradelle
- influenced instructors at University
of Toronto, C.J. Wright and C. Marani
- influenced Paris Exhibition of 1900 and Orsay Station by
- Known as the "White City": temporary buildings
made from hemp-plaster "staff"
- gave rise to "White Cities" in Cardiff, Wales 1898
(Civic Centre), Chicago 1905 (amusement park), London 1895 (Olympic
stadium and exposition), and Philadelphia 1920 (Parkway).