I've mentioned how the mighty St. Lawrence provides excellent opportunities for technical diving with deep drifts, deep wrecks, strong current and great penetrations. However, remember that while the locals are often aclimatised to the conditions here, you may not be. So, if you are visiting, be on the cautious side...

....and certainly do not attempt anything beyond your training or equipment or comfort level.

So, you've been diving for several seasons with two or three hundred dives in different environments. Now maybe you want to enter that engine room, dive that wreck at 150 feet that you've heard of or maybe just do a deep drift. You are ready to take up "technical" diving.

What distinguishes technical diving from recreational diving is that the latter is designed to always allow you a direct ascent to the surface if necessary. The overhead environment of a technical dive prohibits this, whether it's due to penetration of a wreck, a cave (not my cup of tea) or a decompression stop obligation, also known as an invisible or glass ceiling.

Get ready to be a newbie all over again.

That last point is very important. You buy the gear, you buy the lessons and you do not go immediately to dive the Jodrey or Doria; at least not if you wish to go past GO and collect 200 dives. Don't forget you've now got a new harness, BCD, tanks, extra regulators and dingle-dangles all over the place. You should go directly to Prescott Docks and try the gear out. I found my tanks were so high, I kept falling over forwards and that my harness webbing was inadequate. Second dive for me was that old favourite, the Rothesay. So I look a little foolish diving a 25 foot, shore accessible, wreck with little current from a zodiac wearing twin steel tanks and full regalia; but where else am I going to practice my first boat entry and exit - certainly not on the Daryaw. After a dozen or so dives under your belt, you begin to feel more comfortable, just like your PADI OW days.

Much is written about equipment and technique and a lot is available on the web. I recommend that you be willing to study and discuss these subjects to arrive at the best arrangement. Here are web pages of two dive buddies from Quebec that explain how I dive, this one in English, ceci en français and this is another useful page. Following are a few pointers of my own.


People wear all manner of harnesses and these are a subject of constant debate. Two common objections to the Hogarth style harness are that it must be difficult to put on and take off and that the crotch strap must be uncomfortable. In fact, with the Hogarth harness, you wear the shoulder straps looser than with other types, which might rely upon a chest strap to keep them in place. The crotch strap then becomes integral to the security of the harness. However, there is no loss of comfort or manouverability and it is easy to doff and don. I am now doing the same rolls, turns and summersaults as with a single AL80.


Diving is not a competitive sport but technical diving is not for everyone. The gear is much heavier and that alone demands a certain amount of strength. For this reason alone, if not for general fitness, I suggest a daily regime of at least 15 minutes of press-ups, sits-ups, aerobic exercises, etc. If you already do this, I suggest you add a few repetitions of the "tank-lift" :-) I personally find the best way to incorporate this into a busy schedule is to do the exercises when I first arise in the morning, before anything else. Don't smoke. It increases your air consumption rate, decreases arterial O2, and increases the chances of AGE. A friend of mine, Jason Shephard, a very good diver, told me his air consumption improved 15% within 3 months of quitting smoking. So don't smoke.


There is suddenly lots of extra equipment to carry and hoses to secure. People do this in a variety of ways, however some of them are just plain unsafe. Below is a drawing of  the types of clips I have seen around.

Clip 1 is called a carabiner, great for mountaineering; number two is a boat clip, great for sailing; the third is a butterfly clip which every entomologist should carry. Neither three are good for diving, in fact they are known as suicide clips because they can easily secure you to a line unintentionally; all the line needs to do is press against the jaw and it will open. This does happen; if you have any on your gear, replace them.

The next three are much better. They can only be opened by positive pressure  away from the jaws of the clip; these are very unlikely to snag you on a line. Clip number 4 is tempting to make an all metal connection; clip 5 requires a large rotary movement to operate; clip number 6 is the clip of choice and is available in a variety of sizes. In cold water diving, the larger sizes are desirable as they must be operated with 7mm gloves.

Having selected the clip, the method of attachment is to be determined. Rule number one is put the clip on the equipment, not on you: if the piece of equipment or clip is snagged, you are not; also, the clip is a lot easier to operate in this position. Attach the clip to the equipment as shown in the drawing, in this case a back-up light, with a piece of line tied in a knot. This can always be cut with a knife if necessary. Never use a clip to attach an item to you without a breakable or cuttable link.


For additional training in the necessary techniques and equipment, Norman and Ann Hughes are well recommended local ACUC and TDI instructors. You can contact them at the Scuba Repair Centre 613-820-9297.


Steve Schultz had an aluminium backplate, which required him to wear a lot of lead  on a belt. Solution: Add lead in the groove of the backplate. The following photographs show how this was done:

The first is an 8lb and a 3lb  lead weight  melting in an aluminium pot on a 1kW electric heater. This is done outdoors of course. The second shot shows the molten lead being poured into the V of the back-plate. To secure the weight, a hole was drilled in the centre of the backplate and a bolt with a large washer, and some nuts as spacers, was secured by a nut on the reverse side. Each end of the V was dammed with plumber's putty . Note how carefully he pours, you don't want this stuff splashed on you. When cooled, the large washer is inside the mass of lead  and provides a key to the bolt that secures the lead weight. By undoing the nut on the reverse side, the weight can be removed if desired.


Always take a set of US Navy tables on a dive. Each table is to be for a single depth range, printed in large black and white print and laminated. These are about 3 inches by 4 inches each. Take a table for each likely depth range; for example, for a dive on the King, I'll take the tables for 140, 150 and 160 feet. You should have a table for each possibility in case the dive does not go according to plan.

To test a dive plan and generate appropriate tables, there are several software packages available. The two I use are Z-plan by Will Smithers and M-plan by Mat Bloedorn - take a bow, Mat :-)