So What is Chaos Magic

A lot of Chaos Magic is intended as humorous.
You need to know what you are doing to sort through it.
Attached are two different perspectives. "Chaos Magic" and "Chaos Theory"
And now for the warnings regarding chaos magic spells...
These are not wiccan style spells.
They do not observe the "an it harm none" rule.
They range from the silly to the dangerous.
They require a tremendous amount of knowledge to even begin to
differentiate between the tongue in cheek and the authentic.
I recommend treating them with caution, as you would Santeria/Voodoo or High Ceremonial Magick.
Real Chaos Theory is a complicated mathematical and physical system.
Through current studies, it is slowly being confirmed that certain "magical
systems" actually have a basis in sound quantum theory. If you are
interested in learning about Chaos Theory, here are some starting points:

Virtual Chaos Theory
Fractal Mathematics
Quantum Mechanics.(but have your PhD in Physics handy)

Attached below is a lecture on chaos magic that might give you a better
idea what chaos magic is...
And attached below that is a general introduction to Chaos Theory with
comprehensive footnotes.
At the very bottom is a list of reading material.

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CHAOS MAGIC

Address presented at the 2nd annual Pantheacon Convention

February 18th, 1996 - San Jose California

For the next hour we're going to discuss the great thing called Chaos

Magic. I'll spend some time speaking about theory, giving you the best

distillation I can of what I've learned in the past several years about it,

then we'll try a bit of brains-on practice of a chaos ritual and talk about

what a practicing Chaos Mage does. Because Chaos Magic is a VERB - it is

something you DO.

Of course, this means by TALKING about it, especially since I'm obviously

working from prepared notes, I'm contradicting myself. Fine. I don't make

my living holding seminars on reclaiming your "inner child" or hawking

crystal chakras resonators, so you'll have to excuse my crutch. At any

rate, paradox and contradiction is the soul of chaos. Hopefully, I'll be

able to impart something of value by proceeding from the position of "a

hair on the dog that's biting you."

Chaos Magic is dangerous, awesome, full of potential and therefore highly

compelling. It is "no-holds-barred magick". The rule is that there are no

rules, besides learning what works for you and using it to accomplish your

will.

In the mystery and intrigue of Chaos Magic lies its power. There is no way

to accurately describe Chaos Magic, any more than one can accurately

describe the Tao. "That which can be described is not the Tao", as the old

sage said. In a way, I suppose that the Chaos Magicians are the ultimate

"secret society", though it is inherent in Chaos Magic itself, rather than

needing to be enforced by oath or decree.

So why is it called Chaos Magic? Well, general consensus more than anything

else. But I can offer a few opinions:

For one thing, there is the underlying assumption of the inter-relatedness

of everything in the universe, for as Chaos Mathematics shows us, what

seems random is actually CHAOTIC and has a higher "order" that can be

perceived from a great enough perspective. From this arises the life force,

the tendency for matter to accrue intelligence. According to the Oxford

English Dictionary, the word "chaos" is Greek in origin. It's original

meaning was: "a vast gulf or chasm; the neither abyss, empty space,

infinite darkness, the first state of the universe."

In modern English, this has been refined to mean "the 'formless void' of

primordial matter, the 'great deep' or 'abyss' out of which the cosmos or

order of the universe was evolved." The popular interpretation of the word

as being a synonym for "disorder" is a recent and somewhat misleading

development. Both order and disorder are themselves manifestations of the

Primal Chaos. The original meaning had more in common with what the Eastern

mystics call the Tao. I think this is by no means accidental.

So we Chaosists call this primal connectivity "Chaos" instead of "God" or

some other traditional name to remove any anthropomorphic ideas from

something that is so totally un-human as to defy comprehension, at least by

intellectual means.

Another reason behind the name is that many of the concepts of modern Chaos

Theory can be applied to mystical interpretation. For example, it's obvious

that many occult systems have many factors in common. In Chaos Mathematics,

there is something called a "strange attractor", a certain type of

coherency that arises in any turbulent system. A good example is a vortex;

it will arise in air currents, running water, dust storms - anything from

the Great Red Spot of Jupiter to the whirlpool in your bathtub drain. In

magical terms, a strange attractor would be, say, astral projection, or

energy centers aligned along the spinal column. Chaos Magicians look for

these commonalties among seemingly different systems as clues to an

underlying factor that can be stripped of it's unnecessary symbolism and

put to directly use. The intent is to reveal the practical techniques

underlying the outer trappings.

In cultural terms, Chaos Magic can be described as one of the newest

inspirations among modern techno-shamans. It is the cutting edge of

ceremonial magic. It generally involves more spontaneity and attempts to

integrate shamanistic techniques a little more directly. It's influences

are cyberpunk, quantum physics, chaos mathematics, psychedelia, Jung's

synchronicity theory, Austin Osman Spare, Aleister Crowley, Taoism, Tibetan

Buddhism, many forms of shamanism, and a host of writers, many of them

fantasy/sci-fi writers.

To quote one writer, Peter Carroll: "If you want a one-line definition with

which most Chaos magicians would not disagree, then I offer the following:

Chaos Magicians usually accept the meta-belief that belief itself is only a

tool for achieving effects; it is not an end in itself."

Meta-belief is an important concept in Chaos Magic. It is the idea that

belief itself is nothing more than a psychological state of mind, although

it has the power to shape our own reality, and sometime other people's

reality as well. It is the means, not the end; the vehicle, not the

destination.

In _The Theatre Of Magick_, Ray Sherwin wrote: "The Chaos Magician believes

nothing in the sense of having faith. He or she experiments practically to

ascertain if there is any value in the postulates he or she has either

originated or borrowed from elsewhere. It is a fact that we all must hold

certain organic beliefs for the sake of convenience. You all believe that

the chairs you are sitting in are real - most of the time. This is not

however a mental process, but rather an instinctive or organic one without

which life would be impossible."

The practice of meta-belief confers an awful freedom and an awful

responsibility. Practicing Chaos Magic involves the temporary adoption of

an obsessive belief system that allows for the possibility of magic to

accomplish specific effects, and then the abandonment of that belief system

upon the completion of the work. Subsequent, and even contradictory belief

systems are adopted in turn as need or desire may dictate. To do this it is

of paramount importance that no one particular set of beliefs are ever

accepted as being ultimately true.

This gives an ultra-sinister aspect to it, because unlike older systems,

there is no dogma to indoctrinate you into "good" or "wholesome" moral

standards before getting the details of the technique. Therefore, at all

times, in using Chaos Magic, you must choose what is ultimately "good" or

ultimately "evil".

Chaos magic is magic without limitations. Chaos magic is not a new system,

or a rehash of older systems, or any kind of system at all. It is an

ATTITUDE. It's a different way of looking at the art of magic. It isn't

"new", because every ancient adept who ever struck out on his or her own

heretical path was, in effect, responding to the call of Chaos. But when a

SYSTEM grows out of any path, when holy books are written, when rituals and

manners and moralities are prescribed for "the followers", it has ceased to

be Chaos Magic. It is ONLY by pushing our selves out on a limb that we

encounter the Chaos Current.

However, bits and pieces of various and sundry old rituals and belief

structures, kludged together by a given individual and molded into a

"system", albeit a personal one, is not Chaos Magic either. Locked-in

belief is locked-in belief. It is far more important to be free to push the

envelope than it is to be "correct" - or even consistent. Chaos magic is

not simply a reformulation of old magical traditions with trendy new labels.

The key to it is to attempt to deconstruct consensual belief systems and

free the energy trapped by those beliefs, then use it to manipulate the

quantum flux of reality. Chaos Magic is an assault on belief patterns. It

is an attack on the mental status quo.

Chaos Magic as commonly defined today derives primarily from the work of

Austin Osman Spare and Peter J. Carroll. Both rejected most of traditional

magical practice as being overly complicated, culturally bigoted and

generally impotent, and fearful of the powerful but dangerous techniques of

sorcery and shamanism. Both also considered traditional occult teaching to

be far more concerned with imparting a system of morality than anything

else, making them RELIGIONS. Spare was the first one to draw the connection

between magic and (in his time) the relatively new field of psychology,

freeing occult practice from religion. Carroll, along with Sherwin, founded

the Illuminates of Thanateros (IOT) and attempted to also integrate the

concepts of Chaos Theory and Quantum Mechanics with the occult and paranormal.

This is where the important difference lies between Chaos magic and what

has gone before. It is a psycho-dramatic approach to ritual magic. It is

actually quite similar to the Stanislavsky system of Method Acting. The

goal of a Chaos Magic ritual is to subvert one's normal conscious identity

and bring about a mental state we call "gnosis". This application of the

term is similar to the meaning used by the Tantrists, where the discursive

mind is short-circuited and the magician's intention can be projected into

the quantum flux of the universe. Like a method actor, a Chaos Magician

seeks to circumvent everyday reality and suspend disbelief. To do this we

use the tools of the actor: setting, costumes, props, words, sounds, and

especially what Stanislavsky called emotional memory. Any powerful,

transformative experience can be utilized to tap into the emotional memory,

including sex, pain, confusion, elation, disgust and ecstasy - especially

in paradoxical combinations. Chaos Magicians use sigils (magical intentions

that have been rendered into symbolic glyphs or mantras), ritual techniques

from any source, especially original ones, and artifacts of any chosen

culture to form a magical space, a temporary autonomous zone in which

gnosis can be brought about.

A ritual is traditionally a map of consciousness, and therefore can be

useful as a map of the trail one has blazed into one's own psyche. However,

_prescribed_ rituals, along with such contrivances as "books of shadows",

"holy books", "publications in class A" and the like, are precisely devised

to protect the operant _from_ Chaos. In short, there is always room for new

Chaos Magic methods, but none whatsoever for Chaos Magic _Systems_.

Philosophically, Chaos Magic bears a resemblance to Taoism, except for the

Taoist's total quietism. Success hinges on self-annihilation, so there is a

lot in common with the Nagarjuna and Madhyamaka schools of Zen, and perhaps

even more so with the Nyingmapa school of Tibetan Buddhism. An examination

of the Chod rituals of Tibetan Buddhists will yield valuable clues as to

the formulation of effective Chaos rites. The effect of a Zen Buddhist koan

on the discursive mind is a small taste of what a Chaos Magician seeks. The

practice of Chaos Magic can be destablizing, because it's designed to

deconstruct belief. Like psychedelic drugs, it can drastically alter your

reality. So it's _not_ for the squeamish, or for those who fear what lurks

in their deepest self.

Chaos magic does not discriminate between "white" or "black" magic, because

all dualism is an illusion. Peter Carroll wrote in _Liber Null_, "The end

results of either path are likely not to be dissimilar, for the paths meet

in a way that is impossible to describe. The so-called 'middle way', or

path of knowledge, consisting of the mere second hand acquisition of ideas,

is an excuse to do neither and leads nowhere." Being morally neutral, Chaos

Magic is probably not for those who have not already come up with a

well-developed code of personal ethics. In fact, most Chaos Magicians,

though not all, would define themselves if held at gunpoint as "black

magicians", but not as defined by those who see the dark side of existence

as merely "evil". If their magic is "black", it is because it deals with

that which is dark and hidden.

In recent years, magic has been bound up to a large extent with political

preference. Most emergent magical systems of the present day, such as

Thelema and Neo-Paganism, are popular precisely because they combine a

socio-political belief with a magical appreciation of our universe. Most

people require frameworks on which to peg their opinions and preferences,

and a mix of magic and politics is a holistic system which makes more sense

of our sense of our being here than politics alone. Politics, of course,

has nothing whatsoever to do with Chaos Magic. Politics is the art of

manipulating others into a communal society, which adheres to the

preferences of a dominant group.

Chaos Magic gives the lie to politics by showing us that all our efforts to

bring order to this dimension are foolhardy in the extreme. Attempts to

organize are attempts to increase the certainty of our being. This is anti

ethical to Chaos Magic. Life-force is spontaneous as evolution itself is

spontaneous.

Similarly, it can be said that religion and Chaos Magic are fundamentally

incompatible. The one restricts, the other liberates. The one requires that

intellect be twisted to accommodate a prescribed ludicrous belief system,

the other adopts ludicrous belief systems of it's own choice and for it's

own purposes - and then destroys them. Religion - and most magical systems

are and always have been essentially religious in nature - requires a

single mind-set for all people, for all times, in all circumstances. Chaos

Magic demands personal, flexible tenets of belief; in other words,

meta-belief. Religion requires certain thoughts and actions to be

classified as good or evil. Chaos Magic attempts to understand and embrace

all aspects of existence.

Energies, whether good or bad, will always find a point of balance

eventually, which is why good can come from evil and vice versa. Trying to

constrict universal energies to our own narrow human requirements will

always be fraught with failure. Consider the analogy of driving a car. No

matter how safe we make the automobile, and regardless of the conditions of

the road which we drive it upon, purely by being within a sphere of action,

in this case driving, we are vulnerable to the caprice of spontaneity; all

accidents occur when people have excused themselves by pleading their

innocence with: "I didn't know what I was doing!" or "I didn't realize what

effect it would have!" Phrases like this are common wisdom testimony to the

fact that, try as we might with politics or social reform, all living

things are subject to the flow of chaos. No political or social movement

has ever followed the course laid out by it's founders. It has either been

altered almost beyond recognition, or disappeared. Evolve or die.

And in any case, an over-politicized social group is invariably stultified

and unable to cope with the swift changes in consciousness which can occur

within the population, _especially_ when their consciousness develops in

response to spiritual and magical considerations. How can we seriously

expect a system which combines magic and politics to be anything but

drastically unstable?

Therefore, Chaos Magic is not for those who like spending endless hours

theorizing over points of moral law, or who need a forum for social or

political expression. It is not about exalting the Mother Goddess. It is

not about communing with your Holy Guardian Angel. It is not about finding

your True Will. The religions of Wicca, Hermeticism and Thelema are

available if you find such things important. The goal of Chaos Magic is

developing _practical_ magical techniques , that create change in the outer

world in conformity with the will of the magician, with producing results

that are testable and can be repeated, that have profound and sometimes

catastrophic effects on the psyche of the magician. The "structure" of

Chaos Magic, if it can be said to even have one, is a _non_- structure. It

is vehemently non-hierarchical. Chaos Magic is magical anarchy, but in the

true sense of the word - it is magic without LEADERS.

With Chaos Magic, the principle is that you can experience anything you

wish as you wish it; this is the Chaosists take on "Do what thou wilt shall

be the whole of the law". Therefore it is up to you where and when, and

with what you involve yourself.

In short then, Chaos Magic is Chaos Magic. It is not a new religion, nor is

it only just a new magical system. It is not a "system" at all. Don't ask

others to define it for you in sociological or political terms, because

although they may be able to construct a dogma which makes sense, it will

not have anything to do with the Chaos current.

Or as Duke Ellington put it when asked about the nature of Jazz: "If I have

to explain it to you, you'll never understand it anyway!"

A person who wishes to explore Chaos Magic should attempt to overcome all

such preconceptions by experiencing the Void by whatever means possible,

not try to develop philosophical arguments in order to further refine a

systematic approach, which is already unacceptable.

Being Chaos, the Void has no attributes save itself. This leaves the

difficulty of describing it, because it is not an "it". Chaos Magic is a

non-dualistic gateway, which has cheated even those who "originated" it by

being so multifarious that its impetus will always be shrapnelled. Chaos

Magic will always grow independently of any one source. No one can "teach"

you Chaos Magic. To paraphrase Austin Spare, "All a teacher can ever do is

show you your own magnificence."

It's practitioners see Chaos Magic as the culmination of other systems, not

as replacement for them. Chaos Magic is an extension beyond our reality and

beyond the traditionalist systems. If one is unsure how to proceed, one

will find within the complexity and variety of traditionalist paths a mix

of methodology which suits his or her nature, BUT when he or she has honed

their talents on these tried and tested systems, the next step must be the

Void and the necessary development of their own methodology - which is the

heart of Chaos Magic. Its description as a "system" simply underlines the

trap humans fall into when needing to conceptualize. Chaos Magic is neither

this magic nor that magic. It is no-thing. One could say it is the no-thing

from whence comes every-thing.

Chaos Magic has applied such concepts as postmodern deconstructionism to

the study of the occult, and has achieved some remarkable insights.

To understand about rise of the Chaos current, it would be useful to

examine what has happened in the several years since interest in Chaos

Magic first began to gain momentum. A case can be made for the idea that

the historical imperative was moving toward the emergence of Chaos Magic as

the necessary next step in the evolution of western occult thought. To do

this, we need to draw some comparisons with the growth of occultism

following Aleister Crowley's pruning of Old Aeon Occult Renaissance-type

Magic shortly after the turn of the century.

To his credit, Crowley synthesized the best of the pool of information

gleaned from research and experiments undertaken by the Golden Dawn, and

from his own experiences on magical pilgrimages. He cut out the crud,

leaving a solid, cohesive magical system of consequence to the Western mind

- perhaps the first one ever. If he can be faulted for anything in his

synthesis, it is that he failed to disassociate magic from it's religious

symbolism.

Synchronously, Austin Osman Spare, the first Western mind to bridge the gap

between intellectualism and shamanism, develops his "freestyle obsessional

system of magic" and delves into the Void concept. Spare is commonly held

to be the first practitioner of Chaos Magic, and many subsequent

practitioners, myself included, draw upon his work. Spare's Sigil Magic

techniques fulfill the basic requirements of the working Chaos Magician:

they are simple, completely free of dogmatic baggage and highly effective

at achieving observable results.

In the contemporary scene, the burgeoning interest in occultism by regular

folk means a good commercial climate for occult book publishers, and the

dissemination of previously rare documents which demolish the secrets for

secrets' sake syndrome. Popular demand and increased awareness sifts out

misleading information, and modern books appear which are written by

occultists who are experienced in the newly researched and synthesized

techniques, many of which have been fueled by experimentation in drug culture.

Therefore, with all this going on, Chaos Magic was inevitable. Using

cross-pollination, brilliant young occultists with no position to protect

refined the old methods savagely and coupled them with new discoveries from

established research areas - nuclear physics, neuroliguistics, quantum

theory, chaos mathematics, etc. Works are written on the new Magic by Ray

Sherwin, Lemuel Johnson, Lionel Snell, Peter J. Carroll, M. Phoenix, Frater

U:.D:. Steven Wilson, Phil Hine and others, and treatises are privately

printed and circulated which collate the disparate methodologies. Groups of

like-minded psychonauts come together to explore these methods, revise them

according to their own experience, then disperse to re-form in new

combinations and disseminate them further in an ongoing evolution. The

results seep through the planes from various independent, anarchistic

Mages, and the new technologies of computer networks, electronic music

production and desktop publishing spread the new memes around the planet.

And now, it has seeped through to you.

The new Current is as free as possible of all dogma and morality, a Current

solely oriented to personal discovery - "The Warrior's Way". Because the

system aims to surpass the limited dualistic approach to Magic which has

hallmarked the traditions and shackles us to the physical dimension, it is

by its nature beyond our comprehension: but its interface is Chaos, and by

popular consensus, "Chaos Magic" is its name.

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GENERAL CHAOS THEORY

CHAOS is from the Greek word Khaos, meaning "gaping void". There are many

explanations as to who or what Chaos is, but most theories state that it

was the void from which all things developed into a distinctive entity, or

in which they existed in a confused and amorphous shape before they were

separated into genera. In other words, Chaos is or was "nothingness."

Though some ancient writers thought it was the primary source of all

things, other writers tell of Gaia (Earth) being born from Chaos without a

mate, along with Eros and Tartarus. Then from Gaia came Uranus (Heaven or

Sky) which gave us Heaven and Earth.

Chaos has been described as the great void of emptiness within the universe

from which Eros came and it was he who gave divine order and also perfected

all things. In later times it was written that Chaos was a confused

shapeless mass from which the universe was developed into a cosmos, or

harmonious order. For instance, Hesiod's Theogony says that Erebus and

Black Night (Nyx) were born of Chaos, and Ovid the Roman writer described

Chaos as an unordered and formless primordial mass. The first Metomorphoses

reads, "rather a crude and indigested mass, a lifeless lump, unfashioned

and unframed, of jarring seeds and justly Chaos named."

The Roman writer Ovid gave Chaos its modern meaning; that of an unordered

and formless primordial mass.

The word "chaos" might have first appeared in Hesiod's Theogeny (@700

B.C.E.) in Part I: "At the beginning there was chaos, nothing but void,

formless matter, infinite space." Later in Milton's Paradise Lost: "In the

beginning, how the heav'ns and earth rose out of chaos". Both Shakespeare

(Othello) and Henry Miller (Black Spring) refer to chaos. In these

instances one inferred that chaos was an undesirable disordered quality.

Historically our vernacular incorporated this idea of disorder into chaos;

dictionaries defined chaos as turmoil, turbulence, primordial abyss, and

biblical references to Tohu and Bohu had the same referential character of

undesired randomness. Scientifically, Chaos implied the existence of the

undesirable randomness, but the self-organization concept at the edge of

chaos denoted the order we get out of chaos. The American essayist and

historian Henry Adams (1858-1918) expressed the scientific meaning of

"chaos" succinctly: "Chaos often breeds life, when order breeds habit".(1)

Li and Yorke(2) coined the word chaos to refer to the mathematical problem

in chaos theory that described a time evolution with sensitive dependence

on initial conditions. Robert May, a mathematician-biologist whose research

was well read, used the word and the theory from Li and Yorke's paper, thus

making them and the word famous. Chaos theory came in the back door, so to

speak, of the researcher's world. It was not a law like thermodynamics or

quantum physics, but it did enable the researcher to analyze events or

areas with many problematic intricacies. Cambel reported that it had even

been proposed that we call chaos "divinamics"(3) after the ancient Roman

divinatio described by Cicero. (Because of the ubiquity of chaos found in

nature, and because my research is in the area of religion, I would

certainly go along with that name.)

Ilya Prigogine, the 1977 Nobel Prize winner in chemistry, pioneered the

work in entropy of open systems; this was the inflow and outflow of matter,

energy, or information between the system and its environment. Prigogine

used dissipative systems to show that more complex structures can evolve

from simpler ones, or order coming out of chaos.

What is Chaos/Complexity theory? Daniel Stein, in the Preface to the first

volume of lectures given at the 1988 Complex Systems Summer School for the

Sante Fe Institute in New Mexico, compares Chaos/Complexity to a

"theological concept", because lots of people talked about it but no one

knew what it really was.(4) Several explanations for Chaos theory called

for the words synthesis, cross-discipline, edge of chaos, dynamical,

cellular automata, or neural networks, but all carry with them the concept

of complex systems. The implications of Chaos are profound, for who could

know the absolute conditions of any system for a complete prediction to be

made of the behavior of that system?

HOW IT ALL STARTED

For thousands of years humans have noted that small causes could have

large effects and that it was hard to predict anything for certain. What

had caused a stir among scientists was that in some systems small changes

of initial conditions could lead to predictions so different that

prediction itself becomes useless. At the end of the 19th century, French

mathematician, Jacques Hadamard proved a theorem on the sensitive

dependence on initial conditions about the frictionless motion of a point

on a surface or the geodesic flow on a surface of negative curvature. All

this was about billiard balls and why you can't predict what three of them

will do when they careened off each other on the table. French physicist

Pierre Duhem understood the significance of Hadamard’s theorem. He

published a paper in 1906 that made it quite plain that prediction was

"forever unusable" because of the necessarily present uncertain initial

conditions in Hadamard's theorem. These papers went unnoticed or rather

unnoted by the man who was recognized as the Father of Chaos theory, Henri

Poincare (1854-1912).

In 1908 he published SCIENCE ET METHODE (5), that contained one sentence

concerning the idea of chance being the determining factor in dynamic

systems because of some factor in the beginning that we didn't know about.

All three of these men and their ideas went unnoted because quantum

mechanics had disrupted the whole physics world of ideas; and because there

were no tools such as ergodic theorems(6) about the mathematics of measure;

and because there were no computers to simulate what these theorems prove.

In 1846, the planet Neptune was discovered, causing quite a celebration in

the classical Newtonian mechanical world, this revelation had been

predicted from the observation of small deviations in the orbit of Uranus.

Something unexpected happened in 1889, though, when King Oscar II of Norway

offered a prize for the solution to the problem of whether the solar system

was stable. Henri Poincaré submitted his solution and won the prize, but a

colleague happened to discover an error in the calculations. Poincaré was

given six months to rectify the matter in order to keep his prize. In

consternation, Poincaré found there was no solution.(7) Poincaré had found

results that upset the accepted view of a purely deterministic universe

that had reigned since Sir Isaac Newton lined out linear mathematics. In

his 1890 paper, he showed that Newton's laws did not provide a solution to

the "three-body problem", in other words, how one deals with predictions

about the earth, moon and sun. He had found that small differences in the

initial conditions produce very great ones in the final phenomena, and the

situation defied prediction. Poincaré's discoveries were dismissed in lieu

of Newton's linear model, one was to just ignore the small changes that

cropped up. The three-body problem was what Poincare had to interpret with

a two-body system of mathematics. Why was it a problem? He was trying to

discover order in a system where none could be discerned.

Poincaré’s negative answer caused positive consequences in the creation of

chaos theory. About eighty years later, as early as 1963, Edward Lorenz8,

using Poincaré’s mathematics, described a simple mathematical model of a

weather system that was made up of three linked nonlinear differential

equations that showed rates of change in temperature and wind speed. Some

surprising results showed complex behavior from supposedly simple

equations; also, the behavior of the system of equations was sensitively

dependent on the initial conditions of the mathematical model. He spelled

out the implications of his discovery, saying it implied that if there were

any errors in observing the initial state of the system, and this is

inevitable in any real system, prediction as to a future state of the

system was impossible.(9) Lorenz labeled these systems that exhibited

sensitive dependence on initial conditions as having the "butterfly

effect": this unique name came from the proposition that a butterfly

flapping its wings in Hong Kong can effect the course of a tornado in Texas.

During 1970-71, interest in turbulence, strange attractors and sensitive

dependence on initial conditions arose in the world of physics.(10) E. N.

Lorenz published a paper, called "Deterministic nonperiodic flow" in 1963

that proved that meteorologists could not predict the weather. Jim Yorke,

an applied mathematician from the University of Maryland was the first to

use the name Chaos, but actually it was not even a chaos situation, but the

name caught on.(11)

A chaotic system is sensitive to initial conditions and causes the system

to become unstable. Cambel identifies chaos as inherent in both the

complexity in nature and the complexity in knowledge. The nature side of

chaos entails all the physical sciences. The knowledge side of chaos deals

with the human sciences. Chaos may manifest itself in either form or

function or in both. Chaos studies the interdependence of things in a

far-from-equilibrium state. Every open nonlinear dissipative(12) system has

some relationship to another open system and their operations will

intersect, overlap and converge. If the systems are sensitive to the

initial conditions, in other words, you don’t know exactly in detail every

little piece of information, and then you have a potentially chaotic

system. Not all systems will be chaotic, but those where a lack of infinite

detail is unknown, then these systems have an indeterminate quality about

them. You can’t tell what’s going to happen next. They are unpredictable.

If these systems are perturbed either internally or externally, they will

display chaotic behavior and this behavior will be amplified

microscopically and macroscopically.

Further research in non-linear dynamical systems(13) that displayed a

sensitive dependence on initial conditions came from Ilya Prigogine, a

Nobel-prize winning chemist, who first began work with far-from-equilibrium

systems in thermodynamic research.(14) Ilya Prigogines' research in

non-linear dissipative structures led to the concept of equilibrium and

far-from equilibrium to categorize the state of a system. In the physical

studies of thermodynamics, Prigogines' research revealed

far-from-equilibrium conditions that led to systemic behavior different

from what was expected by the customary interpretation of the Second Law of

Thermodynamics. Phenomena of bifurcation and self-organization emerged from

systems in equilibrium if there was disruption or interference. This

disruption or interference became the next step to Chaos Theory; it became

Chaos/Complexity Theory. Prigogine talked about his theory as if he were

Aristotle: a far-from-equilibrium system can go ‘from being to

becoming’.(15) These ‘becoming’ phenomena showed order coming out of chaos

in heat systems, chemical systems, and living systems.

>From Lorenz simulation, René Thom, mathematician, proposed ‘catastrophe

theory’, or a mathematical description of how a chaos system bifurcates or

branches. Out of these bifurcations came pattern, coherence, stable dynamic

structures, networks, coupling, synchronization and synergy. From the study

of complex adaptive systems used by Poincaré, Lorenz and Prigogine, Norman

Packard and Chris Langton developed theories about the ‘edge of chaos’ in

their research with cellular automata.(16) The energy flowing through the

system, and the fluctuations, cause endless change which may either dampen

or amplify the effects. In a phase transition of chaotic flux, (when a

system changes from one state to another), it may completely reorganize the

whole system in an unpredictable manner.(17)

Two scientists, physicist Mitchell Feigenbaum(18) and computer scientist

Oscar Lanford(19) came up with a picture of chaos in hydrodynamics using

Renormalization ideas. They were studying non-linear systems and their

transformations.(20) Since then, chaos theory or Nonlinear Science has

taken the scientific world by a storm, with papers coming in from all

fields of science and the humanities. Strange attractors were showing up in

biology, statistics, psychology and economics and in every field of endeavor.

Properties of complexity

Complexity or the edge of chaos yielded self-organizing, self-maintaining

dynamic structure that occurred spontaneously in a far-from-equilibrium

system. Complexity had no agreed upon definition, but it could manifest

itself in our everyday lives. Intense work is being done on the

implications of complexity at the Santa Fe Institute in New Mexico. Here

Ph. D.’s from many fields use cross-disciplinary methods to show how

complexity in one area might link to another. Erwin Laszlo, from the Vienna

International Academy, has the most interesting statement about Complexity:

In fact, of all the terms that form the lingua franca of chaos theory and

the general theory of systems, bifurcation may turn out to be the most

important, first because it aptly describes the single most important kind

of experience shared by nearly all people in today’s world, and second

because it accurately describes the single most decisive event shaping the

future of contemporary societies.(21)

Bifurcation once meant splitting into two or more forks. In chaos theory it

means: When a complex dynamical chaotic system becomes unstable in its

environment because of perturbations, disturbances or ‘stress’, an

attractor draws the trajectories of the stress, and at the point of phase

transition, the system bifurcates and it is propelled either to a new order

through self-organization or to disintegration.

The phase transition of a system at the edge of chaos began with the

studies of John Von Neumann(22) and Steve Wolfram(23) in their research on

cellular automata.(24) Their research revealed the edge of chaos was the

place where the parallel processing of the whole system was maximized. The

system performed at its greatest potential and was able to carry out the

most complex computations. At the bifurcation stage, the system was in a

virtual area(25) where choices are made--the system could choose whatever

attractor was most compelling, could jump from one attractor to

another--but it was here at this stage that forward futuristic choices were

made: this was deep chaos. The system self-organized itself to a higher

level of complexity or it disintegrated. The phase transition stage may be

called the transeunt stage, the place where transitory events happen.

Transeunt is a philosophical term meaning that there is an effect on the

system as a whole produced from the inside of the system having a

transitory effect; and, a scientific term in that it is a nonperiodic

signal of sudden pulse or impulse.

After the bifurcation, the system may settle into a new dynamic regime of a

set of more complex and chaotic attractors, thus becoming an even more

complex system that it was initially. Three kinds of bifurcations happen:

1. Subtle, the transition is smooth. 2. Catastrophic, the transition is

abrupt and the result of excessive perturbation. 3. Explosive, the

transition is sudden and has discontinuous factors that wrench the system

out of one order and into another.(26) Per Bak(27), with his

co-researchers Chao Tang and Kurt Wiesenfeld reckons nature abiding on the

edge of chaos or what they call ‘self-organized criticality’.

Our daily encounter with Chaos/Complexity is seen in traffic flow, weather

changes, population dynamics, organizational behavior, shifts in public

opinion, urban development and decay, cardiological arrhythmias, epidemics.

It might be found in the operation of the communications and computer

technologies on which we rely, the combustion processes in our automobiles,

cell differentiation, immunology, decision making, the fracture structures,

and turbulence.

Here are a few of the statements that Cambel makes about the ubiquity of

chaos:

1. Complexity can occur in natural and man-made systems, as well as in

social structures and human beings.

2. Complex dynamical systems may be very large or very small, indeed, in

some complex systems, large and small components live cooperatively.

3. The system is neither completely deterministic nor completely random,

and exhibits both characteristics.

4. The causes and effects of the events that the system experiences are not

proportional.

5. The different parts of complex systems are linked and affect one another

in a synergistic manner.

6. There is positive and negative feedback. The level of complexity

depends on the character of the system, its environment, and the nature of

the interactions between them.28

WHERE ITS ALL GOING

If we lived in a completely deterministic world there would be no surprises

and no decision making because an event would be caused by certain

conditions that could lead to no other outcome. Nor could we consider

living in a completely random world for there would be, as Cambel says, "no

rational way of reaching a well-reasoned decision". (29) What kind of

answers do we get when we recognize that a system is indeed unstable and

that it is indeed an example of chaos at work. The American Association for

the Advancement of Science published nineteen papers presented at their

1989 meeting that was devoted entirely to chaos theory usage on such ideas

as chaos in dynamical systems, biological systems, turbulence, quantized

systems, global affairs, economics, the arms race, and celestial systems.

Stambler(30) reported that the Electric Power Research Institute was

considering the applications of chaos control in voltage collapses,

electromechanical oscillations, and unpredictable behavior in electric

grids. Peng, Petrov and Showalter(31) were studying the usefulness of chaos

control in chemical processing and combustion. Ott, Grebogi, and Yorke

cited the many purposes of chaos and said it might even be necessary in

higher life forms for brain functioning. Freeman studied just such brain

functions related to the olfactory system and concluded that indeed chaos

"affords an opportunity to exploit further these manifestations of brain

activities"(32).

Not only are research papers prolific, but an array of books are being

published monthly on chaos applications. Bergé, Pomeau, and Vidal assert

that chaos theory has "great predictive power"(33) that allows an

understanding of the overall behavior of a system. Kauffman(34) uses the

self-organization end of chaos to assert that nature itself is spontaneous;

Cramer claimed that by overcoming the objections to mysticism and

scientism(35), that the "theory of fundamental complexity is valid" (this

will most likely turn into a book--so many researchers refer to it). This

perhaps gives some idea as to far reaching applications of chaos theory in

the scientific areas.

A few last words about the edge of chaos will be added here because they

will allow you to see how research has gone from linear science to

nonlinear applications. Wentworth d'Arcy Thompson, in his book On Growth

and Form(36), used transformations of coordinates to compare species of

animals. Comparing one form of a fish, as an example, with another could be

shown on a coordinate map and used to show how they differ and how they

were alike. The same kind of transformation coordinate map could compare

chimpanzee skulls to human skulls. Where Thompson used order to compare the

workings of nature, Stuart Kauffman, in his book The Origins of Order:

Self-Organization and Selection in Evolution,(37)took the next step in

studying nature. He was seeking the origins of order in complex systems

that were chaotic. His research is rife with examples of the

interconnectedness of selection and self-organization. The essence of his

findings are that much of the order seen in organisms stems from

spontaneous generation from systems operating at the edge of chaos, or in

other words, systems that are unstable purposely. Thompson applied physics

to biology, and now Kauffman is applying chaos /complexity theory to

biology. Cramer sees the interaction of order and disorder as a necessity

in nature. "In nature, then, forms are not independent and arbitrary, they

are interrelated in a regular way...And even organs arising to serve new

functions develop according to the principle of transformation. At the

branch points where something new emerges, disruptions of order are in fact

necessary; abrupt phase changes occur. Indeed, the interplay of order and

chaos constitutes the creative potential of nature."(38)

The great French mathematician Henri Poincaré first noticed the idea that

many simple nonlinear deterministic systems can behave in an apparently

unpredictable and chaotic manner. Other early pioneering work in the field

of chaotic dynamics were found in the mathematical literature by such

luminaries as Birkhoff, Cartwright, Littlewood, Levinson, Smale, and

Kolmogorov and his students, among others. In spite of this, the importance

of chaos was not fully appreciated until the widespread availability of

digital computers for numerical simulations and the demonstration of chaos

in various physical systems. This realization has had broad implications

for many fields of science, and it has been only within the past decade or

so that the field has undergone explosive growth. The ideas of chaos have

been very fruitful in such diverse disciplines as biology, economics,

chemistry, engineering, fluid mechanics, physics, just to name a few. As

you can see, Chaos Complexity theory can become a real research tool for

many fields. Metaphorically it can be used outside the scientific field to

apply this theory to religious research.

FOOTNOTES

1. Cambel, A. B. Applied Chaos Theory: A Paradigm for Complexity. Academic

Press, Inc. San Diego, CA 1993. P. 15. return

2. Li, T. Y. and Yorke, J.A. "Period Three Implies Chaos". American

Mathematical Monthly, 82,1975. Pp. 995-992. return

3. Cambel. P. 16. quoting Zeldovich, Y. A., Ruzmaikin, A. A. and Sokoloff,

D.D. The Almighty Chance. Singapore: World Scientific. 1990. return

4. Stein, Daniel L. (ed.) Lectures in the Sciences of Complexity. Vol. 1.

Redwood City, CA. Addison-Wesley Publishing Co. 1989. P. XIII. return

5. Poincare, Jules Henri. Science and Method. New York: Dover. 1952.

English trans. Did you know his cousin Raymond was President of France from

1913-20? return

6. Ergodics are used in statistics, the method says that given a long

enough interval a system will return to a similar state it previously had.

return

7. Peterson, I. Newton’s Clock: Chaos in the Solar System. New York:

MacMillan. 1993. Peterson tells other quite interesting stories about the

beginnings of Chaos theory. return

8. Lorenz, Edward N. "Deterministic nonperiodic flow." Journal of the

Atmospheric Sciences. 20:130-41. 1963. return

9. Lorenz. P. 133. return

10. Another problem those jumped right into the middle of the chaos theory

excitement was complexity. Kurt Godel, logician from Austria, published a

paper in 1931 that the mathematician's dream of a complete set of numbers

to represent everything is incomplete. ("Within the framework of generally

accepted basic assertions concerning integers 1 2,3,...., Godel showed that

some assertions can neither be proved on or disproved: these are

undecideable assertions. If one increases the number of basic assertions

there will nevertheless always remain some undecideable assertions. It was

quite earthshaking to mathematics, but now it is accepted to know that the

set of all properties of integers and the set of all true assertions about

them does not have a finite basis. return

11. Li, T. and J. A. Yorke. Pp. 985-92. return

12. Nonlinear defined without mathematics is an equation that has both

negative and positive answers. Dissipative defined without the physics

means that it gives off energy and doesn’t get any back. return

13. Kellert, Stephen. In the Wake of Chaos: Unpredictable Order in

Synamical Systems. Chicago, Ill.: The University of Chicago Press. 1993. P.

3. A dynamical system is a simplified model for the "time-varying" behavior

which gives the recipe for producing the present physical state of a system

and for transforming the system to a descriptive of its state in the past

or future. By changing the variables one can map the changes that a system

goes through to obtain a state from time to time: the use of evolution

equations or differential equations is but the necessary process that is

sometimes oppressively long. Chaos theory is a part of dynamical systems

study but uses nonlinear terms in the equations. These nonlinear terms may

be expressions such as x2, sin (x), or 2xy, which makes it impossible to

render a single answer. "Chaos theory investigates a system by asking about

the general character of its long-term behavior" return

14. Thermodynamics is the study of energy flow. Classical thermodynamic

studies closed or near equilibrium systems. Von Bertalanffy actually

presented the same idea in his General System’s theory in 1968. Prigogine

researched far-from-equilibrium systems of chemical and heat transfer,

which displayed self-organizing characteristics. He refined the theory,

linked it to living systems and publicized it. return

15. Prigogine, Ilya. and Stengers, I. Order out of Chaos: Man's New

Dialogue with Nature. New York: Bantam Books. 1984. return

16. Packard, Norman. "Adaptation Toward the Edge of Chaos." A Technical

Report, Center for Complex Systems Research. University of Illinois.

CCSR-88-5. 1988. There is an earlier paper by Chris Langton. "Studying

Artificial Life with Cellular Automata" in Physica. 22D. 1986. Pp. 120-49.

return

17. Waldrop, Mitchell. Complexity: The Emerging Science at the Edge of

Order and Chaos. (New York: Simon & Schuster. 1992). Waldrop keeps you

interested about the discovery and the implication of these complex systems

in this book. return

18. Feigenbaum, M. J. "Quantitative universality for a class of nonlinear

transformation," J.STATIST..PHYS. 21 (1979). Pp. 25-52. return

19. Lanford, O. E. "A computer-assisted proof of the Feigenbaum

conjectures". BULL .AMER. MATH. SOC.6 (1982). Pp.427-34. return

20. Ruelle, David. CHANCE AND CHAOS. Princeton: University Press. 1991. Pp.

57-79. return

21. Laszlo, Ervin. The Age of Bifurcation: Understanding the Changing

World. Philadelphia, Pa.: Gordon and Breach Science Publishers. 1991. P. 4.

return

22. von Neumann, John. Theory of Self-Reproducing Automata. Edited by

Arthur W. Burks. (Champaign-Urbana: University of Illinois Press. 1966.

return

23. Wolfram, S. "Statistical mechanics of cellular automata" in Rev. Mod.

Phys. 55:601. 1983. and "Universality and complexity in cellular automata"

in Physica 10D:1. 1984. See also: Theory and Applications of Cellular

Automata. Singapore: World Scientific. 1986. return

24. Waldrop. P.87. Cellular automata are programs for generating patterns

on a computer according to rules specified by the programmer. They are

precisely defined and can be analyzed in detail, yet they have a dynamic

quality that leads to complexity in the system. Their research tries to

find laws that describe when and how such complexities emerge in nature.

return

25. Fox, Ronald F. "Quantum Chaos in Two-Level Quantum Systems." The

Ubiquity of Chaos. Saul Krasner, ed. Washington, D. C.: American

Association for the Advancement of Science. 1990). Pp. 105-113. Fox worked

with quantum mechanical models to discover that the periodic modulations

were seen to arise from virtual quantum transitions. There had to be the

virtual transitions in order for chaos to happen. There was no classical

analogue for these findings. return

26. Ashby, W. Ross. Design for a Brain. 2nd. ed. (New York: Wiley

Publishers. 1960). Ashby’s work was centered around how a system with many

interacting parts adapts to it environment. He was thinking in terms of

neural or brain adaptation. See also: Ashby, W. Ross. "Principles of the

Self-organizing system." Principles of Self-Organization. Foerster and

Zopf, eds. New York: Perganmon Press. 1962. return

27. Bak, Per and P., Tang, C. "Self-Organized Criticality". Physics Review

A 38:364. 1988. return

28. Cambel. Pp. 3-4. return

29. Cambel. P. 4. return

30. Stambler, I. "Chaos Creates a Stir in Energy-Related R&D". R&D

Magazine. December, p.16. return

31. Peng, B., Petrov, V. and Showalter, K. "Controlling Chemical Chaos".

Journal of Physical Chemistry. 95. Pp. 1957-59. 1991. return

32. Freeman, Walter J., "Searching for Signal and Noise in the Chaos of

Brain Waves". in The Ubiquity of Chaos. Saul Krasner, ed. Washington, D.

C.: American Association for the Advancement of Science. 1990. Pp. 47-55.

return

33. Bergé, P., Pomeau, Y., and Vidal, C. Order Within Chaos. Translated by

L. Tuckerman. Paris: J. Wiley & Sons. 1984. P.265. The predictive power in

this reference is not to predict the exact value of some property of a

system, but to allow the researcher to understand the overall behavior of

that system, and perhaps even predict what the overall behavior will look

like at some future point. It is strictly holistic prediction they refer

to. return

34. Kauffman, Stuart A. The Origins of Order: Self-Organization and

Selection in Evolution. (New York: Oxford University Press. 1993). return

35. Cramer. Pp. 218-9. Cramer objects that the theory of fundamental

complexity is a product of mysticism. He agrees that it might seem mystic

because it contains antinaturalistic, nonscientific, and even mystical

elements. But, the macroscopic biological realm contains individual

molecular events that are subject to feedback coupling operating through

amplification mechanisms. The statistical fluctuations can be recognized by

nonlinear equations used in chaos theory, thus, these networks become

indeterminate under certain conditions. Since chaos theory incorporates

these latest scientific findings, it cannot be regarded as mysticism. return

36. Thompson, Wentworth d’Arcy. On Growth and Form. 2ed.. Cambridge:

Cambridge University Press. 1966. return

37. Kauffman, Stuart A. The Origins of Order: Self-Organization and

Selection in Evolution. return

38. Cramer, F. CHAOS AND ORDER. Translated by D. I. Loewus. New York: VCH

Publishers. 1993. Pp.6-7

****************************************

RECOMENDED READING:

Liber Null & Psychonaut,Peter J. Carroll

This is the best basic intro, goes into much theory and some practice

primarily rooted in Austin Spare, Aleister Crowley, etc...gives good info

on Chaoist Jargon, such as use of the ideas 'chaos, kia, paradigm paradox

modulated, etc. The sigils section is born out of the works of Austin Osman

Spare, and are simple and basic. His work on the Alphabet of Desire might

mean something to him, but in view of Spare I can't tell where he came up

with the stuff. Good practical work in many sections, much odd theorizing,

such as what happens to the Kia after death. All and all, an impressive

work, which should be read by anyone interested in magick.

Chaos Condensed, Phil Hine, original chapbook, 1992 Phoenix Publications

and Chaos International.

I love this book. It is short, extremely practical, often hilarious, and is

everything that the book of the same name, published 1995 by New Falcon

fails to be at four times its length.

The Book of Results, Ray Sherwin,1978, 1980, 1983, 1992

The '92 edition published by Revelations 23 Press. This is perhaps my

favorite Chaotext. Sherwin co-founded the IOT, and left sometime later, I

can't recall when. Fifty pages of highly directed, highly intelligent,

highly practical work using sigils to perform magick in all areas of life.

The Caltrops of Chaos banishing is very strange, though I've never used it

to any great effect. "This guy's intense- and I thought I was militant"

Fra. Animus Accipio 3* IOT

Stealing the Fire from Heaven, Stephen Mace, privately printed, in New

Haven, Connecticut

My copy is Fourth Edition, Revised and Enlarged, 1984. This is, to my style

of work, the most important book on the magick of Austin Spare, outside of

the originals. Mace, like Sherwin, has rightly taken the position that

Sigils lead to their own system of magick. Mace prepares a fine body of

practice, which should suit most solo sorcerers of the Zos Kia Cultus bent

just beautifully. Unpompous, clear, concise, self published, everything I

want in a book and less. Less Dreck, that is. 106 pages.

SSOTBME, no author (Ramsey Dukes). 1979 Nigel Grey-Turner, London,

distributed by Samuel Weiser

This book made me realize I was a magician, not insane. Or at least both a

magician, and insane. Great, funny, a Grimoire disguised as an essay, only

96 pages long ( I like short books, and often, short women), as well as the

best book to give to people if you want them to think you are smart and

goofy, as opossed to stupid and psychotic. Find it. Buy it. Read it blind

drunk the first time, maybe the second time too...

Chaos, the Broadsheets of Ontological Anarchy, Hakim Bey, no copyright 1985

Grim Reaper Books

Can more easily be had as part of a longer book, T.A.Z.-the Temporary

Autonomous Zone, also Hakim Bey, Autonomedia, sometime in the last few

years. Cheap, too. The first is a whopping 46 page large print book, the

better be assimilated by blind or really stoned people in ill lit squats.

Fine theory/poetry inspirational work, pretty much like one of those

'thought for every day' tomes published by that Twelve Step Publisher.

However, there are only thirteen chapters. I expect this is because Bey

figured his readers to be unrepentant burnout perverts (UBP), and knows

what the memory can get like...

The UBP Sorcerers Bible Read in conjunction with SSOTBME whilst hitchiking

across country, navigation courtesy of the Tao Teh King, and you may turn

out like me. Highly recomended.

Practical Sigil Magick, Frater U.D., Llewellyn, year unknown

I sold mine to get Visual Magick. As I recall, a good intro text on sigils,

much easier to get but nowhere as good as the Sherwin/Mace combo. Solid

work, good writing, someone else can review it, not really my style. Easy

to find, though, and well worth reading.

Visual Magick - A Manual of Freestyle Shamanism, by Jan Fries, Mandrake (of

Oxford, there are at least two Mandrakes) 1992

This book, however, IS really my style. Probably the best moderately

available text on the subject. Fries does not use 'Chaos Magick' as a term,

but the sources are the same, and the angle of approach is quite different.

Filled with useful technique, sanity (but not too sane) Fries blends

Spare/Crowley/Neuro-Linguistic Programming/Behavioral Psych. and paganism

into a fine and heady brew for those who work and experiment more than they

theorize. 136 pages, indexed.

Chaos & Sorcery, Nicholas Hall, Nick Hall Published 1992

To my knowledge, there are only 300 copies of this book in English, and I

don't know if the German edition ever saw the light of day. I hope so,

because it is the only book of its kind. A solid, powerful work of sorcery,

as defined by the book: "The art of using material bases to enhance a

magickal conjuration, the outcome of which is determined by the sorcerer's

will." I will quote a quote here, from an unknown source: "sharp, fast,

unsentimental". This book is actually enough to get you into and out of all

sorts of trouble. Chapter Titles should make the content clear: 1) Tools of

Sorcery. 2) Techniques of Sorcery. 3) Malicious Doll Magick. 4) Beneficial

Doll Magick. 5) Word Weaving. 6) Chaos and Sorcery. 111 pages, every one

devoid of morality, in other words, a truly fine work.

Prime Chaos, Phil Hine, Chaos International,1993

Excellent work mostly focused on group Chaos Magick, therefore the only

work of it's kind to date. One of the most firmly rooted in the modern

world texts on Chaoism to be had. I think there were no more than 4-500

made. Sure to be re-released in a big print run in the next year or two. I

hope... This book and others by Mr. Hine are why I don't like the New

Condensed Chaos.

Chaos Ritual, Steve Wilson, Neptune Press 1994.

This book, I can only describe as 'rad'. I am, after all, a born and bred

Kalifornian, and it is therefore permitted. BOOM! Goes this book, heading

in a very different way than all other books on Chaos Magick, and a good,

helpful, practical and enjoyable ride it is. A strange work in three parts,

one of Chaos Yoga (for lack of a better description), another on Medicine

Wyrd (Chaos Shamanism) and the third, the Chaoetia, which as you might have

guessed, it rather like a Chaos Goetia.